The site of the former Streatham Ice Rink has been re-developed to create a new supermarket with a 6 storey residential building on top using light steel framing.
Light steel framing is the preferred solution where weight saving and speed of construction are fundamental to the success of the project. The re-development of the former Streatham Ice Rink site was made economically feasible by building a 3 to 6 storey residential building over a major new Tesco supermarket, and by relocating the new ice rink and bus station to either side. The £80 million project provides 250 apartments arranged in a courtyard form.
Metek UK was chosen by the main contractor, for this project because of their joint experience on similar projects.
The residential building is supported by long span composite beams at the podium level. The building is in 5 distinct parts, of which three are for private housing, and two are for a mixture of shared ownership social rented and key workers.
The split of apartment sizes is: 166 two bedroom apartments of approximately 85m² floor area, 90 single bedroom apartments of 55m² floor area and 6 three bedroom apartments of 115m² floor area.
The construction of Metek’s light steel framing started in October 2012 and finished in April 2013. Importantly, deliveries to the site on the busy Streatham High Street were kept to the minimum and one lorry could provide sufficient wall panels for 2 days work. Highly accurate installation and absence of waste and site noise were other benefits of light steel framing.
The light steel structure supports a composite floor slab of 170 mm depth that spanned up to 5m between the cross-walls. A composite slab was chosen for its excellent acoustic and stiffness properties. Despite the weight of the concrete, the total weight of the construction system was only 60% of that of a concrete flat slab.
The total floor area of the residential building was close to 19,000m², and its estimated total cost was £30 million of which the light steel framing part was only 12%. Light steel framing was also used for the penthouses at roof level, and the roof was supported by C-section purlins. The cladding was insulated render attached to cement particle board that was directly screw fixed to the light steel external walls. A U-value of 0.2 W/m²K was achieved.
The apartments also included 3m wide and 1.5m deep steel balconies that were attached to steel posts through thermal ‘breaks’. Metek designed and installed the hot-rolled steel balconies and also installed the decking, reinforcement, external boarding and the pre-cast concrete stairs as part of their ‘package’ with the main contractor.
Metek’s light steel load-bearing wall panels uses 100 mm x 50 mm C-sections in thicknesses of 2 mm for the lower floors and 1.4 mm for the upper floors. The C-sections were placed in pairs at 600 mm centres where loads are high, which meant that their use was optimised with respect to the applied loads. The 170 mm deep composite floor slab used 80 mm deep decking and bar reinforcement was placed in the ribs and mesh reinforcement in the topping. The floor slab was supported directly by the light steel walls and spans were typically 3 to 4m, which did not require temporary propping. For spans of 4 to 5m, the decking was propped.
Where longer spans were required, slim floor beams in the form of 150mm x 100mm Rectangular Hollow Sections (RHS) with a welded 10mm thick bottom flange were designed on which the single span decking sat. Continuity was provided by bar reinforcement passing through pre-punched holes in the sides of the RHS.
A fire resistance of 90 minutes was specified. The composite slab provided this fire resistance with a single layer of plasterboard ceiling. The floor depth was only 500 mm including the battened floor, service zone and suspended ceiling. The single leaf load-bearing light steel walls had two layers of 15mm fire resisting plasterboard on each face that were attached via horizontal resilient bars. This form of construction is predicted to achieve a 60 dB sound reduction index.
The important factors influencing the choice of the light steel framing system were the site logistics and the relatively low self-weight of the construction system. Light steel wall panels were delivered ‘just in time’, and installed at a rate of 20 panels per day. The concreting of the floors was carried out every 9 or 10 days on a decking area of approximately 900m².
Metek also installed the pre-cast concrete stairs, and the stairs were supported on 200 mm deep steel PFC sections spanning up to 2.8m and Square Hollow Section posts. Stability was provided by X-bracing of the light steel wall panels rather than through the stair cores. The balconies used 180mm deep PFC sections that were connected to RHS posts though bolted end plates with thermal breaks. The posts were detailed within the light steel walls.
The penthouse roof consisted on long spanning 250mm deep light steel C section purlins and the set-back walls were supported on the composite slab below. A service zone was also provided at podium level using 150mm deep light steel joists.
Metek provided all the structural steel in the residential levels as part of the light steel framing package, and Atlas Ward provided the steelwork for the podium structure and the Ice rink.
Light steel framing is the preferred solution where weight saving and speed of construction are fundamental to the success of the project.